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What is Special Education?

Special Education is...

  • Specially designed instruction is provided with a range of services to support students with disabilities
  • Provides access to general education instruction
  • Provides an education in a least restrictive environment
  • Meets the specific needs of the student with a disability
  • Provides related services (if deemed appropriate) are available
  • No cost to parents


What is the pre-assessment process?

  • The Student Success Team (SST) meets with parents and school staff to identify student needs and to design interventions
  • The SST team meets after implementation of interventions to consider next steps, which may be a request for a special education assessment, a 504 eligibility, or continuation of current supports
  • The SST may also recommend supports for specific needs for a student without the student being identified as being in Special Education

 

What is the assessment/evaluation process?

  • Purpose
    • Determine eligibility for Special Education services
    • Eligibility for Special Education services is based on Federal and State definitions and must impact access to instruction
    • A diagnosis does not necessarily qualify a student for special education services
    • Student strengths and needs are considered
       
  • Components of evaluation
    • Assessments in the areas of need related to a disability
    • Relevant medical reports
    • Observation of the student
    • Input from the student's classroom teacher
    • Input from the student's parent(s)
    • Other concerns/strengths
       
  • Other information
    • The assessment will be completed within 60 days from the date that the parent consents in writing to the Assessment Plan

 

Student eligibility

  • Eligibility is determined by Federal or CA Ed. Code
    • Does the student meet the eligibility criteria as an individual with a disability?
    • Does the severity of the disability have an adverse effect on the student's educational performance?
    • Does the student require special education and services to achieve a free appropriate public education?
    • Is the need not due to a lack of appropriate instruction or limited English proficiency?
  • Individualized Education Program (IEP) meeting is held with the parents to discuss assessment results and recommendations
  • If the student is eligible for Special Education services, an IEP is written
  • The IEP establishes goals related to the disability which will support the student in accessing the curriculum
  • Thirteen areas of eligibility:
    • Autism (AUT)
    • Deaf Blindness (DB)
    • Deafness (D)
    • Hearing Impairment (HI)
    • Intellectual Disability (ID)
    • Multiple Disabilities (MD)
    • Orthopedic Impairment (OI)
    • Other Health Impairment (OHI)
    • Emotional Disturbance (ED)
    • Specific Learning Disability (SLD)
    • Speech or Language Impairment (SLI)
    • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
    • Visual Impairment (VI)

 

Printable references

What is Special Education?         
¿Qué es Educación Especial?

 

Assessment for Special Education Parent Brochure
Evaluacion para Educion Especial

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Millbrae School District 555 Richmond Drive
Millbrae, CA 94030
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